A Photographic Guide to Plants of
Humboldt Bay Dunes and Wetlands

Compiled by Gordon Leppig and Andrea Pickart

Release 2.0

April 2018

Status: Conservation concern (C); Exotic (E); Invasive (I); California Native (N) 

Habitat: Dune mat (DM), Dune scrub (DS), Dune swale (SW), Coniferous dune forest (CDF), Riparian forest (RF), Freshwater marsh (FM), Freshwater swamp (FS), Freshwater marsh (FM), Open water (OW), Brackish marsh (BM), Salt marsh (SM), Mudflat (MF) Agricultural wetland (AW).

* This vascular plant list for Humboldt Bay dunes and wetlands is based on collections made by the authors primarily between 2001 and 2008.

 

Please email comments, corrections, or proposed additions to andrea_pickart@fws.gov.

 

Nomenclature follows the Jepson Manual, Higher Plants of California, Second edition (U.C. Press 2012).  

Scientific Name

Ilex aquifolium

Common Names

English holly

Status

E, I

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Ilex_aquifolium_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Ilex_aquifolium_flower.jpg

Habitat

CDF

Other

N/A

Ilex_aquifolium_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Iris douglasiana

Common Name

Douglas Iris

Status

N

Occurs

N/A

Iris_douglasiana_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Iris_douglasiana_flower.jpg

Habitat

CDF, FM

Other

N/A 

Iris_douglasiana_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Iris pseudacorus

Common Name

water iris

Status

E

Occurs

N/A

Iris_pseudacorus_plant.JPG

Close-up 

Iris_pseudacorus_flower.jpg

Habitat

FM

Other

N/A 

Iris_pseudacorus_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Jaumea carnosa

Common Name

marsh jaumea

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Jaumea_carnosa_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Jaumea_carnosa_flower.jpg

Habitat

SM

Other

N/A 

Jaumea_carnosa_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Juncus falcatus ssp. falcatus

Common Name

sickle-leafed rush

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Juncus_falcatus_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Juncus_falcatus_flower.jpg

Habitat

SW

Other

N/A 

Juncus_falcatus_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Juncus ambiguus

Common Name

saline toad rush

Status

N

Occurs

N/A

1. No image

Close-up 

1. No image

Habitat

SM, BM

Other

N/A 

1. No image

Scientific Name

Juncus balticus

Common Name

Baltic rush

Status

N

Occurs

N/A

Juncus_balticus_flower.jpg

Close-up 

1. No image

Habitat

SM, BM 

Other

N/A 

Juncus_balticus_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Juncus bolanderi

Common Name

Bolander's rush

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR

Juncus_bolanderi_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Juncus_bolanderi_flower.jpg

Habitat

AW, FM

Other

N/A 

Juncus_bolanderi_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Juncus breweri

Common Name

Brewer's rush

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Juncus_breweri_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Juncus_breweri_flower.jpg

Habitat

SW, DM

Other

N/A 

Juncus_breweri_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Juncus bufonius var. occidentalis

Common Name

western toad rush

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

1. No image

Close-up 

1. No image

Habitat

DM, SW

Other

N/A 

1. No image

Scientific Name

Juncus bufonius var. bufonius

Common Name

toad rush

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Juncus_bufonius_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Juncus_bufonius_flower.jpg

Habitat

SW, AW, FM 

Other

N/A 

Juncus_bufonius_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Juncus effusus ssp. pacificus

Common Name

Pacific Bog Rush

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR

1. No image

Close-up 

Juncus_effusus_flower.jpg

Habitat

AW

Other

N/A 

Juncus_effusus_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Juncus gerardii

Common Name

salt-meadow rush

Status

E

Occurs

N/A

1. No image

Close-up 

1. No image

Habitat

SM

Other

N/A 

1. No image

Scientific Name

Lamium purpureum

Common Name

purple dead-nettle

Status

E

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Lamium_purpureum_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Lamium_purpureum_flower.jpg

Habitat

FM, DM, DS

Other

N/A 

Lamium_purpureum_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Lathyrus littoralis

Common Name

silky beach pea

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Lathyrus_littoralis_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Lathyrus_littoralis_flower.jpg

Habitat

DM

Other

N/A 

Lathyrus_littoralis_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Layia carnosa

Common Name

beach layia

Status

N, C

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Layia_carnosa_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Layia_carnosa_flower.jpg

Habitat

DM

Other

N/A 

Layia_carnosa_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Lemna minuta

Common Name

least duckweed

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Lemna_minuta_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Lemna_minuta_closeup.jpg

Habitat

OW, FM

Other

N/A 

Lemna_minuta_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Leontodon saxitilis

Common Name

lesser hawkbit

Status

E, I

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Leontodon_saxitilis_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Leontodon_saxitilis_flower.jpg

Habitat

SW, DM, BM, FM, DS, AW

Other

N/A 

Leontodon_saxitilis_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Lepidium nitidum

Common Name

shining pepperweed

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Lepidium_nitidum_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Lepidium_nitidum_flower.jpg

Habitat

DM

Other

N/A 

Lepidium_nitidum_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Leucanthemum vulgare

Common Name

oxe-eye daisy

Status

E, I 

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Leucanthemum_vulgare_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Leucanthemum_vulgare_flower.jpg

Habitat

FM, DM, AW

Other

N/A 

Leucanthemum_vulgare_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Limonium californicum

Common Name

western marsh-rosemary

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Limonium_californicum_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Limonium_californicum_flower.jpg

Habitat

SM

Other

N/A 

Limonium_californicum_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Linnaea borealis var. longiflora

Common Name

twin flower

Status

N (planted)

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Linnaea_borealis_plant.jpg

Close-up 

1. No image

Habitat

CDF

Other

N/A 

1. No image

Scientific Name

Linum bienne

Common Name

narrow-leaved flax

Status

E

Occurs

N/A

Linum_bienne_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Linum_bienne_flower.jpg

Habitat

DM, FM, BM

Other

N/A 

Linum_bienne_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Lonicera hispidula

Common Name

pink honeysuckle

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Lonicera_hispidula_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Lonicera_hispidula_flower.jpg

Habitat

CDF, RF

Other

N/A 

Lonicera_hispidula_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Lonicera involucrata var. ledebourii

Common Name

coast twinberry

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Lonicera_involucrata_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Lonicera_involucrata_flower.jpg

Habitat

CDF, FS, RF

Other

N/A 

Lonicera_involucrata_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Lotus corniculatus

Common Name

bird's-foot trefoil

Status

E, I 

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Lotus_corniculatus_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Lotus_corniculatus_flower.jpg

Habitat

FM, SW, AW

Other

N/A 

Lotus_corniculatus_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Lupinus arboreus

Common Name

yellow bush lupine

Status

E, I

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

lupinus_arboreus_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Lupinus_arboreus_flower.jpg

Habitat

DM, DS

Other

N/A 

Lupinus_arboreus_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Lupinus bicolor

Common Name

miniature lupine

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Lupinus_bicolor_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Lupinus_bicolor_flower.jpg

Habitat

DM

Other

N/A 

Lupinus_bicolor_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Lupinus littoralis

Common Name

seashore lupine

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Lupinus_littoralis_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Lupinus_littoralis_flower.jpg

Habitat

DM

Other

N/A 

Lupinus_littoralis_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Lupinus rivularis

Common Name

riverbank lupine

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR

Lupinus_rivularis_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Lupinus_rivularis_flower.jpg

Habitat

AW, DM, DS

Other

N/A 

Lupinus_rivularis_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Luzula comosa

Common Name

common wood-rush

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

1. No image

Close-up 

1. No image

Habitat

CDF, DM, DS

Other

N/A 

1. No image

Scientific Name

Luzula subcongesta

Common Name

Donner wood rush

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Luzula_congesta_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Luzula_congesta_flower.jpg

Habitat

CDF, DM

Other

N/A 

Luzula_congesta_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Lysichiton americanus

Common Name

silky beach pea

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Lysichiton_americanus_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Lysichiton_americanus_flower.jpg

Habitat

CDF, DM

Other

N/A 

Lysichiton_americanus_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Lysimachia arvensis

Common Name

scarlet pimpernel

Status

E

Occurs

N/A

Lysimachia_arvensis_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Lysimachia_arvensis_flower.jpg

Habitat

DM, FM, BM, SW

Other

N/A 

Lysimachia_arvensis_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Lysimachia maritima  

Common Name

sea milk-wort

Status

N

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Lysimachia_maritima_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Lysimachia_maritima_flower.jpg

Habitat

BM, SM 

Other

N/A 

Lysimachia_maritima_habitat.jpg

Scientific Name

Lythrum hyssopifolium

Common Name

hyssop loosestrife

Status

E, I 

Occurs

HBNWR, Lanphere, Ma-le'l

Lythrum_hyssopifolium_plant.jpg

Close-up 

Lythrum_hyssopifolium_flower.jpg

Habitat

SW, AW, FM

Other

N/A 

Lythrum_hyssopifolium_habitat.jpg